EU and International Policies

End of Life Vehicles Directive

Every year, end of life vehicles generate between 8 and 9 million tons of waste in the Community which should be managed correctly. In 1997, the European Commission adopted a Proposal for a Directive which aims at making vehicle dismantling and recycling more environmentally friendly, sets clear quantified targets for reuse, recycling and recovery of vehicles and their components and pushes producers to manufacture new vehicles also with a view to their recyclability.

This legislation officially adopted by the EP and Council in September 2000 requires that 80 % in 2006 and 85 % in 2015 of a vehicle’s average weight shall be re-used and recycled. This ecologically motivated objective, which is mandatory, can only be achieved if as many vehicle components as possible are going to be remanufactured. Today, almost all kinds of durable goods, first and foremost vehicle components, are being remanufactured and thus given additional life-cycles after their first end-of-life stage. Apart from its economic importance remanufacture therefore makes a considerable contribution to the ecological needs of today’s society and to the Community’s ecological policies and legislative measures in this respect.

EU Vehicle Type-Approval legislation

The ‚Euro 5/6‘ and ‚Euro VI‘ Regulations aims at reducing the emissions of new passenger cars and heavy commercial vehicles. Beyond this environmental policy goal, these texts include specific provisions on access to technical information for independent operators. The new Regulations impose an obligation upon vehicle manufacturers to ensure that independent operators have unrestricted and standardised access via the internet to information on the repair and maintenance of vehicles. FIRM is actively involved in the development and implementation of these 2 key legal instruments to secure, for its members, an effective access to repair and maintenance information for all motor vehicles.

EU competition law framework

In 2007 the European Commission has started a review process of the current European competition law regime. This process aims at shaping the future competition law framework for the automotive sector post May 2010. Since 2008, FIRM has been deeply involved in this issue through the AFCAR alliance and the Right to Repair Campaign. Key to this matter is the access for all the independent operators to tools, spare parts, training and technical information for all motor vehicles with more than 3 wheels.


The European Ecolabel is a voluntary scheme, established in 1992 to encourage businesses to market products and services that are kinder to the environment. Products and services awarded the Ecolabel carry the flower logo, allowing consumers – including public and private purchasers – to identify them easily. Today the EU Ecolabel covers a wide range of products and services, with further groups being continuously added. Product groups include cleaning products, appliances, paper products, textile and home and garden products, lubricants and services such as tourist accommodation. FIRM advocates for remanufacturing as a whole and more specifically for engine and components remanufacturing to be added to the list of Ecolabel services.